True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (2024)


Community Pick

Submitted by Ethan UK

"When I was a young kid one or other of us in turn occasionally used to be allowed to wreak havoc in the kitchen. I used to make the most mess - but the best cakes! This is a recipe I asked for from the elderly Scottish pastry cook who used to live opposite. She even had me bake it one time in HER kitchen - none of my siblings were so privileged - boy was I was smug about that! She used to bring over some of the most amazing goodies! I have searched and baked and bought, but never found a shortbread recipe that was anything like as good as this. Fortunately my mum found a 'new' copy of her much-spattered cookbook and she gave me her old one which had this recipe manually type-written and stuck into it. Nobody, but nobody!, bakes better shortbread than I occasionally treat myself to (I DO share some of it!) when I bake using this recipe!!! Do try this one - it's just the ultimate! :) Despite the Scots preference for slightly warmed shortbread I strongly urge you to wait until it's fully cold before devouring - not refrigerated cold, but ideally no warmer (or cooler really) than a cool room temperature. The instructions call for some care in the preparation but as I'm passing on the tips as they were given to me when I was between 8 to 10 years old, I'll pass them on to you rather than leave them out. - She felt they were important for best results, and the resulting shortbread proves she knew what she was talking about! The recipe is very simple and robust enough that a child can make it well, but the best results will come from taking extra special care. This recipe doesn't double well either, sadly. Do especially keep that mixture cool and do it by hand not machine – it’s only a few minutes of fussing about after all!Sorry to those without a set of kitchen scales, recipes in Europe are almost entirely written by weight."


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photo by KathleenEva True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (4)

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True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (11) True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (12)

Ready In:
1hr 5mins


28-30 Pieces




  • 7 ounces plain flour or 7 ounces all-purpose flour
  • 2 ounces sugar
  • 4 ounces butter
  • 1 pinch salt (small)



  • Sift/sieve the flour into a bowl and add the pinch of salt. Put aside for the moment.
  • Make some space in the fridge, if necessary, for the bowl you’re about to use in case you quickly need to chill the mixture.
  • Using butter, grease the baking tray well and put it aside for the moment. Yield for fingers (much preferred) is around a 7 to 8 inch square. For Petticoat Tails it will yield a chunky 8 inch circle.
  • Pre-heat the oven (Gas Mark 3 (325F / 165C degrees)).
  • Put the butter (if using unsalted butter then ADD a pinch of salt to it) into a medium-size mixing bowl and mash it with a fork until it is soft and creamy without lumps. But don't let your hand heat warm it so much it starts to get runny. If you do, then put the bowl complete with butter & fork into the fridge for 5 - 10 minutes to cool it, then take it out and mash quickly again until smooth and creamy with no lumps.
  • Add the sugar and mix it in well, and quickly.
  • Add the salted flour a VERY little at a time - mixing it in with the fork to start with, but do this quickly.
  • Knead well (on a very lightly floured surface). I was advised: knead for several minutes, and that the longer you knead, the better the shortbread will be. I usually aim for kneading for anything up to 10 minutes as I was told to, but get fed up after 7 minutes and reckon it can't make THAT much difference! What is very important is: Don't allow the mixture to become too warm from your body heat whilst kneading. If it does, as before, put it into the fridge for a couple of minutes to chill it slightly before resuming. If you do find the need to chill it, as I often do on a hot day, then do knead it for at least a minute or so before rolling it.
  • Something I should add despite the copious over-instruction here: I've never owned a rolling pin until a couple of days ago. I don't know if using one will affect the texture, but I always used to pat it down as best I could with my palms.
  • Roll the mixture out to shape and size of the tray. For fingers, roll out to about 1/2 inch thick or perhaps even slightly thicker (this sounds awfully thick I know!, but it is important as if you go thinner it will affect the texture, and amazingly, the taste). For petticoat tails it needs to be a little under 1/2 inch thick to yield a chunky circle of about 7 to 8 inches.
  • For fingers: prick all over with a fork and put it into baking tray. Do try to use one that can fit exactly, or one that at least three sides of the mixture fit snugly against, as any outer edges that don't butt right up against the sides of a tray tend to get a bit over-baked.
  • For petticoat tails: using fork prongs, from the outer edge towards the centre, indent the top about a 1/2 inch all the way round to give it a nice crinkly edge - sort of like the teeth on a cogwheel, then prick all the way round the middle ideally rotating the fork or the pastry (or yourself!) to give a pretty effect when cut. Carefully lift and support the decorated circle and place and fit snugly into the circular baking tray. Score lightly (to about halfway downwards to bottom of the tray) into eight equal segments.
  • Bake until golden brown for about 45 minutes at Gas Mark 3 (325F / 165C degrees). Do keep an eye on it! Petticoat tails seem to require a little less baking time. Hard to describe the colour to bake until. From experience I know what colour I'm looking for - you don't really want it to be undercooked, but when it's starting get a bit dark around the edges it's probably beginning to get a bit overdone already. Basically cook until it's just starting to darken round the edges then get it out quick and cool it - I usually place the hot tray on a very cold surface until cool.
  • Whilst still quite warm in the tray, mark across and cut into finger-shaped pieces (if not making petticoat tails) - but leave them there in the tray, cut and together until fully cold.
  • For petticoat tails it's customary to sprinkle liberally with castor sugar.
  • Sorry to be such a pedant about this recipe! I feel a bit like a mother hen clucking about "must do this -- ", "should do that -- " :) But it is worth taking some care over as the resulting shortbread will be so good you'll be hassled to make it much more often by everyone you share the pieces with :).

  • Just on its own with a nice cup of tea or coffee, but also scrumptious on a plate with and/or dunked into a generous helping of creamy Cornish Dairy ice-cream and strawberries, jam (jelly) or fresh fruit.
  • Personal Note:

  • I live an ultra low-fat, low-sugar (or at least low quantities of sugars at a hit), calorie-controlled lifestyle. (I'm on maintenance these days rather than reduction - I don't think I dare get any leaner or people would worry!).
  • Notwithstanding, I still make and eat pieces of this shortbread occasionally despite the fact that there's nothing remotely low fat, low-sugar or low calorie about it. At least there's not much salt!
  • You can make substitutions or add essences and flavourings and it'll probably work out fine but it won't be the same shortbread - it won't taste the same, it won't have the same texture, but the efforts you've put into making it (and clearing up afterwards) will have been the same. I reckon it's got to be worth trying it without substitutions first time around - you can always give the pieces that you know are much more than you really should be letting yourself scoff to friends and family who will bless you for it! And you don't NEED to eat them all at once! - they keep well in a biscuit tin or cookie jar in a cool, dark place for quite a long time (given half a chance!). I guess you could probably freeze them too (if enough left!).

  • Occasionally just for a change, right near the end of kneading I have added glace cherries, or occasionally sultanas or raisins, sometimes with and sometimes without cinnamon. Cherries worked ok, but wasn’t crazy about the fruit. You could even split the kneaded mixture in two and do half plain and half with extra stuff then nudge them together in the baking tray for baking. I've never tried dessicated/flakes coconut or chunky milk/dark chocolate chips or crystallized (candied) ginger pieces perhaps with a bit of ground ginger in with the mix though I've often been tempted to - do let me know how they turn out if you do!
  • I do know that dipping the tops from above at an angle into good quality melted real chocolate (not baking chocolate) so that the bottom remains uncoated and only half of the top is coated then leaving to cool (that's the tough bit!) is absolute heaven on earth in the eating. It also occurred to me while choco-dunking one time to add some dessicated coconut into the chocolate first - but I didn't have any - bet it's nice though!
  • Do enjoy and best wishes from England - and Scotland!

Questions & Replies

True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (13)

  1. What no ice? My Scotish grandma, and my Mum would always mix the ingredients in a bowl, placed in a larger bowl full if ice. "The colder the butter stays, the fluffier the shortbread"

    Tom F.

  2. Can these cookies be rolled and cut with a cookie cutter? Would cooking times need to be adjusted? Thanks!


  3. Cheers Ethan, M


  4. Do you have the recipe of gregs chicken pasties


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  1. This recipe is exactly the sort of shortbread recipe I was looking for! Here in Canada we have a brand of Shortbread called Walkers (it is made in Scotland and imported) that is my favorite and I have been looking for a recipe that would make shortbread just like it. This recipe is even better than theirs! Thank-you for posting this recipe. It will be a go to recipe from now on when I feel the need for shortbread!

    Chef Gustival

  2. Thank you, thank you, thank you. I'm 18 and from Australia and my Aunty passed away a few years ago and never wrote her shortbread recipe down for us. I surfed the internet for hours before stumbling across your recipe. With Daisy having Scottish heritage and living through the depression, with minimal ingredients I knew this had to be the right recipe. Tasted exactly like hers. Your instructions were very easy to follow and I had no issues with the butter even though it was fairly humid this morning. <br/><br/>I used 1 cup flour, 1/4 cup sugar and 125g butter pinch of salt and it was perfect.

  3. Very wordy instructions. I had to read them three times to get my head around it. You ave majorly over complicated such a simple recipe.The measurements must be off... it was very dry and crumbly. Nothing buttery like you get in Scotland.Wasnt overly thrilled with the taste either so I had to add a little vanilla to yummy it up a little.Not the best recipe at all. sorry!


  4. I have a fine tuned kitchen scale and can provide exact measurements by cups. They seem a bit strange but they are correct. 7 ounces of flour is 1 cup plus 1/3 cup and 2 tablespoons. 2 ounces of sugar is 1/4 cup, 4 ounces of butter is 8 tablespoons. I used 3 ounces of sugar which is 7 tablespoons or 1/3 cup plus 1 tablespoon because I like it a bit sweeter. The instructions are a bit vague as to rolling out the dough. Roll out on a counter sprinkled with flour to prevent sticking? Roll out and cut into fingers before putting in the pan or cut the dough into fingers in the pan? Which? I also found the mixture dry and crumbly. I actually didn't use all the flour specified. Left out about 1/4 cup. Flour differs in various countries depending on atmospheric moisture. And I see no reason not to make this in an electric mixer.


  5. Awesome recipe! Well worth the effort. Just when I thought I'd done something wrong and ruined it because it wouldn't come together as I kneaded, it came together. Fab shortbread! Thanks for the recipe and "instructions". If it hadn't been for the over-instructing I wouldn't have kept kneading.


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  1. I made this with 1 cup flour, 1/4 cup sugar and 1/4 cup butter. Mixed it with a hand mixer as I don't have the hand strength to mix by hand due to surgeries on both hands. I was VERY careful not to let the butter warm up. Just barely mixed until it was smooth and quit sticking inside the beaters. Did the same with the sugar. I put it into the fridge for about 5 minutes during the sugar mixing. Added the flour all at once (straight from measuring cup to sifter) and mixed until it was smooth and made a nice ball. Pressed it into my small cheesecake pan and realized it was too thin, so I made a second batch. Mixed the first batch in with it - just enough to make sure they were blended. Absolute heaven! I will NEVER buy shortbread again unless I'm nowhere near a kitchen.


  2. I didn't tweak the recipe at all.

    Andrea B.

  3. I generally find recipes too sweet and cut back on the sugar, but this is not one of those. I suggest increasing the sugar from 2 oz, to 2.3 oz. I also added course sanding sugar to the top, and gently patted it down into the dough before baking. This gave the shortbread added texture and a little sweetness. The only other criticism I have is that I wish it were a little more buttery in taste. But all in all, an awesome recipe. Attached is proof that the very dry and crumbly dough will actually come together into a smooth dough with some patience and elbow grease. Just start by squeezing it with your hands and then knead for 10 minutes. No flour needed on the bench, as the dough will not stick.

    • True Scottish Shortbread Recipe - (27)

    Joey T.

  4. I measured everything by weight and found it to be a very dry mix.(This may be because I added the sugar to the flour instead of the butter, then had to try and get it all out o_O) I couldn't knead it on the bench as it was just crumbs. I, instead kneaded it in the bowl for about 8-10 mins, pressed it into the pan... it has come out perfect. I personally would add a wee bit more sugar, perhaps as a sprinkle on top post baking. Other than personal preferences...perfect!



Ethan UK

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